The grape-vine is an ancient plant that from millions of years is present in temperate zones of the planet; only by a few thousand years, however, has begun to produce wine. First the Sumerians, then the Egyptians and the Greeks, and in the end the Etruscans. Already at the time of the Roman Empire, there were about 140 types of wine.
Today, Italy is the first country in the world for wine production and Europe holds 80% of world production.
Among the various existing species, the most important is vitis vinifera to which belong almost all the fruit varieties. The grape-vine can live and fructify only where there are the four seasons.